Sunday, 17 May 2020 06:43

Fig Garden in Samarkand Featured

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Samarkand is planning to attract tourists to the new Fig Garden.

According to the historical sources Amir Temur beloved Gardens. The historians and poets of that time dedicated their songs and poems to the beauty of the Timur's gardens and some of the gardens were depicted in manuscripts. " Timur's Parks were opened to ordinary citizens where they loved to spend time. Unfortunately, none of these palaces and gardens have survived to this day.

Gardens in Samarkand

Taking into account the habit of people destroying everything, rebuilding, and cutting down the trees the death of the gardens was obvious.

Currently, the only thing which is known is the location of the gardens. The gardens were founded between the XIII-XIV centuries.   According to the manuscripts 14 gardens were cultivated during that time. The biggest Garden was Bagi Djahonamo. The garden was founded at the foothills of the Zeravshan mountain range. Historian Sharaffudin Al Yazdi wrote that the Garden was huge and once the lost horse was found only after six months. 

The most favorite garden of Amir Timur, BogiBaland, was founded not far from Samarkand. Tamerlane built a garden in honor of his granddaughter, Miranshah's daughter. Masters from Iran and Azerbaijan were invited to cultivate the most beautiful garden and to build palaces. In the center of the garden was a large Palace made of Tabriz white marble. The garden was full of vineyards, Fig trees, and Apple trees.

Nowadays, the village BogiBaland is panning to restore the garden, and the agricultural area of 40 hectares would be cultivated for Figs. The garden will include recreation areas, tents, and sitting places in traditional Uzbek style. The guests will be able to harvest the fig yield which occurs twice a year — in June and September. 

Leaving in East Jerusalem I found out a very interesting fact about figs. Apples, pears, cherries, and peaches all have gorgeous blooms that we grow not only for their fruit but their flowers. But have you ever seen flowers on a fig tree?

How is it possible that a tree with no flowers brings fruits?

 Commonly referred to as a fruit, figs are actually an enlarged, fleshy, hollow stem lined with hundreds of tiny flowers. The flowers themselves are not visible from the outside as they bloom inside the false fruit. The small hole visible on the bottom of the “fruit” is a narrow passageway that allows a specialized fig wasp to enter the “fruit” and pollinate the flowers. Each tiny flower produces one seed, which gives the fig that familiar crunch. 

Fig trees are gynodioecious. Some plants in the fig species only have female flowers while others have male and female flowers. The farmers help fig trees by scattering "dust" from the male on to the female.

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